Reasons Why Your Windows Laptop Is Freezing (Explained)



Is your Windows laptop freezing up and leaving you frustrated? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. In this guide, we’ll explore some of the most common reasons why your Windows laptop may be freezing and provide you with some possible fixes to get your laptop back up and running smoothly. So grab a cup of coffee and let’s dive in.

There are several reasons why a Windows laptop may freeze. Here are 4 potential  plausible reasons why: overheating of the computer, insufficient RAM, errors in driver or corrupt driver, and virus rampage.

Note that these are just a few possible reasons and that there may be other factors causing a laptop to freeze.


Overheating of the computer

When a laptop is used for extended periods, the CPU (Central Processing Unit) and GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) generate heat.

The cooling system of the laptop uses fans and/or heat sinks to dissipate the heat generated by these components.

If the cooling system is blocked by dust or debris, the heat cannot be dissipated effectively, causing the laptop to overheat.

When a laptop overheats, it can cause the system to slow down or even freeze.

This is because the CPU and GPU may throttle their performance to prevent further overheating, and in more extreme cases, the laptop may shut down entirely to prevent damage to its components.

Proper ventilation is also important to prevent overheating. Laptops should be used on a hard, flat surface that allows for air to circulate around the device.

Using a laptop on a soft surface, such as a bed or couch, can block the vents and prevent proper ventilation, leading to overheating.

To prevent overheating, it’s important to keep the laptop’s cooling system clean and free of dust, and to use the laptop on a hard, flat surface with proper ventilation.

 Reasons Why Your Windows Laptop Is Freezing

Insufficient RAM.

RAM (Random Access Memory) is a type of computer memory that is used to store data temporarily while the computer is running.

When a memory-intensive application is running on a laptop, it may require more RAM than what is currently available.

If the laptop’s RAM is insufficient, the system may try to compensate by using the hard disk drive (HDD) as virtual memory, which can be much slower than RAM.

When the system runs low on RAM, it may start to slow down or even freeze, as it struggles to keep up with the demands of the memory-intensive application.

This is because the system has to continuously swap data between the RAM and the hard disk drive, which can cause delays and freezes.

To prevent freezing due to insufficient RAM, it’s important to ensure that the laptop has enough RAM to handle the applications that will be used.

It may be necessary to upgrade the RAM if the current amount is not sufficient. Additionally, closing unnecessary applications and processes can help free up RAM and reduce the likelihood of freezing due to insufficient memory.


Errors in driver or corrupt driver

Drivers are essential software components that help your laptop hardware communicate with the operating system.

If any of the drivers are outdated, missing, or corrupt, it can cause your laptop to freeze or become unresponsive.

Outdated drivers can cause conflicts with other hardware components or software applications, leading to system instability.

Missing drivers, on the other hand, prevent the operating system from communicating with the hardware, making it impossible to perform certain tasks.

Corrupt drivers, which can occur due to malware infections, hardware failures, or improper software installations, can cause system crashes, blue screens, or freezes.

When your laptop freezes due to corrupt drivers, you may need to reinstall or update the affected drivers to restore your system’s stability.

To prevent driver-related issues, you should regularly check for driver updates and install them promptly. You can use the Device Manager or third-party driver update tools to make the process easier.

Additionally, it’s essential to be cautious when installing new software, as some programs may bring along outdated or incompatible drivers that can cause issues.


Virus rampage

When a laptop is infected with malware or viruses, it can cause various issues, including freezing, crashing, and slow performance.

Malware and viruses can cause system instability by consuming system resources, modifying system settings, and interfering with system processes.

One common reason why a laptop may freeze due to malware or viruses is when the malware consumes a significant amount of system resources, causing the system to become unresponsive.

In some cases, malware may also modify critical system files, leading to system instability.

To prevent freezing due to malware or viruses, it’s essential to have a reliable antivirus software installed on your laptop.

Windows Defender is a built-in antivirus solution that comes with Windows 10 and can help detect and remove malware and viruses.

Running a full or offline scan with Windows Defender can help detect and remove any malware or viruses that may be causing your laptop to freeze.

It’s also important to keep your antivirus software up-to-date and to avoid downloading and installing software from untrusted sources, as they may contain malware or viruses that can infect your laptop.

SO, here’s a chart table with 15 scenarios and possible fixes for why a Windows laptop may be freezing:


Possible Fix

Insufficient RAMUpgrade the RAM or close unnecessary applications and processes to free up memory
Outdated or corrupt driversReinstall or update the affected drivers
Malware or virusesRun a full or offline scan with Windows Defender or install a reliable antivirus software
OverheatingClean the laptop’s cooling system, ensure proper ventilation, or reduce the load on the CPU
Hard drive failureReplace the hard drive or repair bad sectors
Corrupt System FilesRun a System File Checker scan, use System Restore to restore the system to an earlier point, or reinstall Windows
Power supply issuesCheck the power supply unit or the battery for issues
OverclockingDisable overclocking, reduce the CPU or GPU clock speed, or increase voltage
Conflicting softwareUninstall conflicting software or update it
Too many startup programsDisable non-essential startup programs
Incompatible hardwareRemove incompatible hardware or install compatible drivers
BIOS or firmware issuesUpdate the BIOS or firmware
Corrupt registryUse a registry cleaner or restore the registry to an earlier point
Windows updatesInstall the latest Windows updates
Network issuesDisable network adapters, update drivers, or reset network settings

These are just some possible scenarios and fixes for a freezing Windows laptop, and not an exhaustive list. If the issue persists after trying these fixes, it may be necessary to seek professional help or contact the laptop’s manufacturer for assistance.



There are several reasons why a Windows laptop may be freezing, including running too many programs, errors in drivers or the BIOS settings, overheating, insufficient RAM, use of faulty external devices, virus infections, or erroneous third-party software.

In addition, there could be issues with Windows system files, which can be scanned and repaired using the command prompt or Windows PowerShell as an administrator.

Another possible culprit is the PCI Express Link State Power Management, which can be disabled by navigating to the computer’s power plan settings, clicking on Change battery settings to open the power plan window, and then clicking on Change settings to edit the power plan.

If the laptop is still frozen, one troubleshooting method is to try accessing the computer through a remote desktop connection.

Overall, the freezing of a Windows laptop can be caused by a variety of factors, and it may require several troubleshooting methods to resolve the issue.


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  3. helpdeskgeek

  4. wikihow

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